HVAC Chilled Water Distribution Schemes

Course Number: HV-5013
Credit: 5 PDH
Subject Matter Expert: A. Bhatia, Mechanical Engineer
Price: $149.75 Purchase using Reward Tokens. Details
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Overview

In HVAC Chilled Water Distribution Schemes, you'll learn ...

  • How constant volume chilled water systems differ from primary/secondary arrangement
  • What are the causes and mitigation measures to prevent low delta-T syndrome
  • How primary/secondary chilled water systems create hydraulically independent loops
  • How the variable primary flow system compare with primary/secondary system in terms of cost and energy

Overview

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Credit: 5 PDH

Length: 48 pages

In large commercial and industrial systems, chilled water system serves as means to transfer heat from building spaces to the refrigeration system. Initially, when energy costs were low, constant volume and primary-secondary systems provided a stable and simple operation of the chillers and distribution systems. However, as energy costs increased, particularly in the late 1970s, the efficiency of the chillers and the costs associated with operating the distribution system became more important. As a result, the need for new schemes to improve chiller performance and reduce energy costs drove the HVAC industry to advance chilled water technology, particularly in the manner that chilled water is delivered.

To understand the hydraulic considerations associated with delivering chilled water and how they influence system performance, it is important to understand how technology and design challenges over the years have influenced today's approach to chilled water pumping.

This five-hour course discusses the history of chilled water distribution systems and the development of "variable primary flow system." Problems such as low delta-T syndrome associated with the chilled water pumping schemes are defined and discussed and finally, this course compares the advantages and disadvantages of primary-secondary and direct-primary pumping schemes.

Specific Knowledge or Skill Obtained

This course teaches the following specific knowledge and skills:

  • How constant volume chilled water systems differ from primary/secondary arrangement
  • What are the causes and mitigation measures to prevent low delta-T syndrome
  • How primary/secondary chilled water systems create hydraulically independent loops
  • How the variable primary flow system compare with primary/secondary system in terms of cost and energy
  • The importance of design tube velocity and rate of chilled water flow variations in variable primary flow systems
  • The basic hydronic principles i.e. relationship of chilled water flow rate v/s cooling load and the energy savings due to adjustable speed pumps
  • Low delta-T syndrome and how it affects the chiller loading
  • Why distributed pumping arrangement is better than headered arrangement for constant flow systems
  • How to size the de-coupler bridge
  • The characteristics of control valves and why 2-way valve is better than 3-way valve in variable flow systems

Certificate of Completion

You will be able to immediately print a certificate of completion after passing a multiple-choice quiz consisting of 25 questions. PDH credits are not awarded until the course is completed and quiz is passed.

Board Acceptance
This course is applicable to professional engineers in:
Alabama (P.E.) Alaska (P.E.) Arkansas (P.E.)
Delaware (P.E.) Florida (P.E. Area of Practice) Georgia (P.E.)
Idaho (P.E.) Illinois (P.E.) Illinois (S.E.)
Indiana (P.E.) Iowa (P.E.) Kansas (P.E.)
Kentucky (P.E.) Louisiana (P.E.) Maine (P.E.)
Maryland (P.E. Category A) Michigan (P.E.) Minnesota (P.E.)
Mississippi (P.E.) Missouri (P.E.) Montana (P.E.)
Nebraska (P.E.) Nevada (P.E.) New Hampshire (P.E.)
New Jersey (P.E.) New Mexico (P.E.) New York (P.E.)
North Carolina (P.E.) North Dakota (P.E.) Ohio (P.E. Self-Paced)
Oklahoma (P.E.) Oregon (P.E.) Pennsylvania (P.E.)
South Carolina (P.E.) South Dakota (P.E.) Tennessee (P.E.)
Texas (P.E.) Utah (P.E.) Vermont (P.E.)
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Wyoming (P.E.)
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PDHengineer Course Preview

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Credit: 5 PDH

Length: 48 pages

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