Domestic Wastewater - Treatment and Disposal
In Domestic Wastewater - Treatment and Disposal, you'll learn ...
- Preliminary, primary, secondary (biological) and advanced (tertiary) wastewater treatment processes
- Wastewater effluent disinfection and disposal methods
- Sludge treatment and disposal methods
The treatment of domestic wastewater includes conversion of raw wastewater into an acceptable final effluent, and disposing of the solids removed in the process. Wastewater treatment processes may be classified as “preliminary”, “primary”, “secondary” (biological) or “advanced” (tertiary).
The purpose of preliminary treatment is to remove deleterious materials which would damage equipment, interfere with the satisfactory operation of a process or equipment, or cause objectionable shore-line conditions.
Primary treatment consists of settling the wastewater in a sedimentation tank. Primary treatment can usually be expected to remove 50 to 60% suspended solids and 25 to 35% BOD. Secondary treatment using conventional biological processes may remove up to 90% of suspended solids and 75 to 90% BOD. Advanced (tertiary) treatment may be expected to remove over 95% of both BOD and suspended solids, in addition to reducing some undesirable chemicals.
Prior to disposing of the effluent, it is subjected to disinfection by injecting chlorine or ozone into the effluent or exposing the effluent to ultra-violet rays. The effluent disposal methods in use are: discharge to streams and rivers, land disposal to irrigate certain crops, deep well injection, and submarine outfalls extending into the ocean.
Sludge is collected and subjected to the following treatment prior to disposal: thickening (either gravity or flotation), digestion (aerobic or anaerobic), and dewatering using sand beds or equipment such as vacuum filters or centrifuges. Dewatered sludge is disposed of on land, processed as compost and sold to farmers, deposited in sanitary landfills, or incinerated.
In this course, you’ll learn the various physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove contaminants and produce an environmentally safe fluid waste stream (or treated effluent) and a solid waste (or treated sludge) suitable for disposal or reuse. Numerical examples with solutions are provided for better understanding of the material.
Specific Knowledge or Skill Obtained
This course teaches the following specific knowledge and skills:
- Preliminary treatment units which include different type of screens, grit chamber, scum and grease removal arrangement, and flow equalization facilities
- Concept of settling of particles and design of primary sedimentation facilities for removal of suspended solids and BOD
- Theory of secondary (biological) treatment process involving trickling filters (all types), activated sludge plants (all modifications), oxidation ditches, and different types of stabilization ponds and their design
- The necessity for advanced treatment and their design features
- Different methods of disinfecting and disposing of the treated effluent
- Procedures and methods for sludge treatment and disposal of the treated sludge
Certificate of Completion
You will be able to immediately print a certificate of completion after passing a multiple-choice quiz consisting of 20 questions. PDH credits are not awarded until the course is completed and quiz is passed.
|This course is applicable to professional engineers in:|
|Alabama (P.E.)||Alaska (P.E.)||Arkansas (P.E.)|
|Delaware (P.E.)||Florida (P.E. Area of Practice)||Georgia (P.E.)|
|Idaho (P.E.)||Illinois (P.E.)||Illinois (S.E.)|
|Indiana (P.E.)||Iowa (P.E.)||Kansas (P.E.)|
|Kentucky (P.E.)||Louisiana (P.E.)||Maine (P.E.)|
|Maryland (P.E.)||Michigan (P.E.)||Minnesota (P.E.)|
|Mississippi (P.E.)||Missouri (P.E.)||Montana (P.E.)|
|Nebraska (P.E.)||Nevada (P.E.)||New Hampshire (P.E.)|
|New Jersey (P.E.)||New Mexico (P.E.)||New York (P.E.)|
|North Carolina (P.E.)||North Dakota (P.E.)||Ohio (P.E. Self-Paced)|
|Oklahoma (P.E.)||Oregon (P.E.)||Pennsylvania (P.E.)|
|South Carolina (P.E.)||South Dakota (P.E.)||Tennessee (P.E.)|
|Texas (P.E.)||Utah (P.E.)||Vermont (P.E.)|
|Virginia (P.E.)||West Virginia (P.E.)||Wisconsin (P.E.)|