Use of Amendments for In Situ Remediation of Sediment
Credit: 2 PDH
Subject Matter Expert: Mark Knarr, P.E., CEM, LEED AP BD+C, PMP, CCEA, GPCP
In Use of Amendments for In Situ Remediation of Sediment, you'll learn ...
- What are amendments and how they are used in sediment remediation
- Various methods for placing amendments
- The four most critical design considerations when selecting and implementing a sediment remedy using amendments
- How modeling and monitoring are used to effect a successful outcome when using amendments
Contaminated sediments are a significant, widespread environmental issue in surface waters throughout the United States. Historically, most sediment remedies have included dredging or excavation as a significant component of the remedy. Other strategies include monitored natural recovery and in situ capping. However, these strategies, whether employed exclusively or in combination, have limitations or drawbacks in terms of their cost-effectiveness or environmental impacts.
An emerging alternative in sediment remediation is the use of in situ amendments, in order to reduce bioavailability of contaminants by sorption or promote the degradation of the contaminants. This innovative technology is being developed and implemented to improve the risk reduction and cost-effectiveness of remedies at sediment sites.
Amendments are specialized materials that can be placed in different ways: directly upon the sediment surface, within a cap, or within a mat to minimize contaminant flux via sequestration and degradation. Some of the better developed amendments, such as activated carbon, have shown large reductions in the bioavailability of contaminants over months to several years with minimal impacts to benthic communities. Although uncertainty remains regarding the long-term effectiveness of these amendments, ongoing studies will continuously improve our understanding.
There are several factors to consider in selecting, designing, and implementing a sediment remedy using amendments. Sediment characteristics, contaminant fate and transport mechanisms, amendment characteristics, and placement methods are four of the most critical design considerations. Modeling is often used to predict the performance associated with these applications, while monitoring (both short-term and long-term) is conducted to ensure proper placement and performance are achieved.
This course is intended for environmental engineers who are interested in emerging techniques for remediating contaminated sites. It is assumed that the student possesses a basic knowledge of aquatic chemistry, hydrology, and environmental law.
Specific Knowledge or Skill Obtained
This course teaches the following specific knowledge and skills:
- Various types of amendments and their target contaminants
- Methods for in situ placement of amendments with contaminated sediment
- Design considerations for amendments
- Remedial action monitoring: construction vs. performance
- Case studies of contaminated sites that have successfully used amendments for in situ remediation
Certificate of Completion
You will be able to immediately print a certificate of completion after passing a multiple-choice quiz consisting of 15 questions. PDH credits are not awarded until the course is completed and quiz is passed.
|This course is applicable to professional engineers in:|
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